Item No.: 45861

Training System Christiani HV Trainer

Electric Drives and HV Systems in Vehicles
Description

Functional model of e-drives and HV systems in motor vehicles

The functional model E-drives and HV systems in motor vehicles consists of a drive module and a power supply and control module. The HV system operates with an operating voltage of 96 volts. A complete power supply unit with electronic battery management (BMS), an integrated charger for the HV battery, a control unit with motor management system, all necessary safety components, Mennekes charging connection (type 2) are built on. The HV system can be enabled either via a service disconnect in the 12 V circuit or via a service disconnect in the HV circuit (in the HV battery). In addition, the training system has a rescue disconnection point to represent the disconnection of an accident-damaged vehicle. The HV battery, with 96 volts nominal voltage, is equipped with 32 LiFePO4 / 40 Ah cells. The battery management system has a Bluetooth interface. The status (voltage, temperature, balancing rate during the charging process) of each individual battery cell can be displayed via an associated app (Android).

Drive modul

The drive module consists of a complete, vehicle-electric drive train with 1.6 kW asynchronous machine, control unit with controller (E-Car-Box), DC/DC converter, fuses, high-voltage main contactor and control software with multi-stage adjustable recuperation mode for displaying energy recovery as well as a hydraulic brake for load simulation (driving uphill).

E-Car-Box

The E-Car-Box is the heart of the drive. All important components for controlling the motor are installed in it in a space-saving, safe and EMC-compliant manner and wired according to the highest safety standards. In addition to the air-cooled Curtis controller for controlling the motor, it also contains the main contactor, a DC/DC converter and all the necessary high- and low-voltage fuses.

Battery Management System (BMS)

The battery management system is used to monitor the lithium iron phosphate battery cells installed in the HV-Trainer and to protect them from over- and undervoltage during the charging process and while driving. The central control unit communicates via CAN interface with the connected charger and the motor controller. The battery management system has a Bluetooth module for communication between the BMS and a display instrument such as a smartphone, tablet or a Bluetooth-enabled Windows PC. This module can be used to monitor the state of charge of the batteries and various other parameters. Software for Windows and an Android app are available for download.

Details

Feasible work on the HV training system:

  • Voltage disconnection with service disconnect high-voltage circuit
  • Voltage disconnection with service disconnect low-voltage circuit
  • Voltage disconnection with rescue disconnection point
  • Determine absence of voltage
  • Secure against reconnection
  • Measuring the DC link capacitor charge and discharge curve
  • Locate defective battery cells by measurement
  • Replacing battery modules
  • Check connector between cells for contact resistance
  • Function test of contactors
  • Checking the safety line (interlock circuit)
  • Checking the insulation monitor
  • Check motor encoder and motor temperature sensor
  • Display load simulation (uphill drive) visibly and measurably
  • Programming of the HV controller with hand-held programmer or PC interface

Measurement possibilities:

  • Phase voltage and phase signal (U, V, W) to the e-motor
  • 12 V on-board voltage
  • HV battery voltage
  • Potential equalisation measurement
  • Insulation resistance measurement
  • Insulation monitor signal (PWM signal)
  • Inverter intermediate circuit voltage
  • CP signal at charging socket (communication with charging station)
  • Safety line (interlock circuit and interlock signal voltage)
  • Input DC/DC converter (plus and minus)
  • Output DC/DC converter (plus and minus)
  • Temperature and voltage of a single battery cell (via BMS)
  • Current sensor signal
  • E-motor speed and temperature sensor signal

Fault circuits

The functional model has an integrated fault circuit with which 10 faults in the power supply module and 16 faults in the drive module can be switched. The fault circuit is controlled with a specially developed app (Android) via Bluetooth with a tablet or smartphone (included in the scope of delivery).

  • Fault circuit in the drive module:

    1. DC link capacitor residual energy discharge does not work
    2. intermediate circuit capacitor residual energy discharge too slow
    3. coil main contactor in drive module interrupted
    4. main HV contactor in drive module defective
    5. main HV contactor in drive module stuck/welded together
    6. DC/DC converter does not switch on
    7. motor temperature sensor defective
    8. Motor encoder phase line interrupted
    9. CAN bus disturbed
    10. Motor phase (W) interrupted
    11. insulation fault HV+ warning
    12. Insulation fault HV+ alarm
    13. Insulation fault HV- warning
    14. Insulation fault HV- alarm
    15. Insulation problem HV+
    16. Insulation problem HV-
  • Fault circuit in the battery module:

    1. insulation resistance below the warning threshold
    2. insulation resistance below the alarm threshold
    3. interlock service disconnect interrupted
    4. overtemperature of a battery cell
    5. interruption of the DC line of the charger
    6. HV+ battery contactor does not close
    7. HV+ battery contactor stuck/welded together
    8. charging communication interrupted
    9. AUX module supply HV+ line interrupted
    10. cell module communication interrupted
  • More errors:
    • Fuse F3 (DC/DC converter) defective
    • Fuse F4 (battery+ Kl. 30) defective
    • Fuse F5 (drive module emergency stop) defective
Suitable for
  • Motor vehicle mechatronics technician
  • Motor vehicle mechatronics technician with focus on system and high-voltage technology
Learning Objectives
  • Observance of accident prevention regulations
  • Avoiding hazards when handling electrical current and hazardous substances
  • Selection of suitable and safe testing and measuring equipment
  • Handling and use of safety equipment
  • Application of manufacturer-specific test routines
  • Disconnecting high-voltage components, securing them against being switched on again, ensuring that they are voltage-free
  • Recognising the dangers posed by electrical storage devices (capacitors, high-voltage batteries).
  • Recognising the general laws of electrical engineering
  • Create system and block diagrams
  • Identifying the effects of electrical quantities on the human organism
  • Troubleshooting and interpreting the diagnosis of affected systems
  • Analysing the function and interaction of components, taking into account the exchange of information between the control units involved
  • Recognising system interrelationships with the aid of circuit and function diagrams
  • Analysing time-dependent variables and evaluating signal patterns
  • Applying knowledge of the laws of voltage generation (induction), rectification (one-way and multiway rectification), the electromotive principle and the storage of electrical energy
  • Assessing hazards during live measurements, deriving protective measures and checking the effectiveness of the electronic protective measures of the high-voltage system
  • Carrying out measurements under voltage (insulation, equipotential bonding and voltage drop measurements, battery cell voltages, temperature determination)
  • Functional testing of high-voltage systems (control signals of the electric motor during driving)
  • Assessing measured values and signals for plausibility and creating test reports
  • Planning the diagnosis and repair of the high-voltage system and its components
Scope of Delivery
  • Module trolley drive module
  • Module trolley control and power supply module
  • Integrated error circuit with 26 errors
  • Operating instructions

An accessory box with the following contents is supplied with the HV Trainer:

  • 1x Charging cable 16A 1-phase Schuko-Mennekes
  • 1x Service disconnect plug
  • 1x Lock for service disconnect
  • 2x Key for lock Service-Disconnect
  • 1x Toggle for battery main switch 12V
  • 1x Interlock bridging cable
  • 1x Tablet for fault circuit
  • 4x Safety test leads (2x red and 2x black, 1x each in 108cm and 1x in 30cm)
  • 1x "High-voltage switched on" sign - red
  • 1x "High-voltage switched off" sign - white
  • 1x USB charging cable for tablet
  • 2x Ignition key
  • 1x Battery charger 6/12V 4A
  • 2x Keys for side doors
  • 1x CD software Curtis 1314 incl. connection cable
  • 1x Warning pyramid